Food Glossary

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  Turkish     169 terms 
Aci
   "hot" or "bitter"
Adana
   Spicy skewered ground meat, named after the southern city where it originated.
Ak Ekmek
   White bread
Anchuez
   Anchovy
Armut
   Pear
Ashure
   A Turkish pudding made from cereals, dried and fresh fruits, nuts, sugar, and spices.
Ayran
   A Turkish drink made from beaten yogurt, cold water, and salt.
Az Pishmish
   "rare"
Az Shekerli
   "slightly sweet"
Badem
   Almonds
Badem Tatlisi
   "made with almonds"
Baharat
   Spices
Baklava
   A Turkish dessert made of paper-thin layers of pastry, chopped nuts, and honey. One of the most well-known sweets associated with Turkish cuisine.
Bal
   Honey
Balik
   Fish
Beyaz
   White
Beyaz Penir
   Medium soft-brined cheese
Beyaz Sharap
   White wine
Bezelye
   Peas
Biber
   Pepper
Biftek
   Beefsteak
Bira
   Beer
Bulgur
   A nutritious staple in the Middle East, bulgur consists of wheat kernels that have been steamed, dried, and crushed. This whole wheat has a tender, chewy texture, and a nut-like flavor.
Buz
   Ice
Buzlu Chay
   Ice tea
Buzlu Su
   Ice water
Borek
   Thin sheets of dough that are layered, folded into various shapes, stuffed with cheese or meat, and grilled, baked, or fried. Boza: a popular fermented barley drink
Cacik
   Grated cucumber made from diluted yogurt, garlic, and salt. Sprinkled with dill and olive oil.
Cay
   Tea
Ceviz
   Walnut
Chig
   "raw"
Chilek
   Strawberry
Chorba
   Soup
Cig KAfte
   Spicy balls of bulgur and raw minced beef.
Cracked-wheat Pilaf
   A steamed rice dish made from whole onions, green peppers, and sliced tomatoes. Sauteed in butter and boiled in beef stock.
Cracked-wheat Pilav
   A steamed rice dish made from whole onions, green peppers, and sliced tomatoes. Sauteed in butter and boiled in beef stock.
Dereotu
   Dill
Dolma
   The generic term for stuffed vegetables; a derivative of the Turkish verb "doldurmak" meaning "to fill" or "to stuff". The most commonly used vegetables are zucchini, aubergine, tomatoes, cabbage, and grapevine leaves.
Domates
   Tomato
Dondurma
   Ice cream
DAner Kebab
   A Turkish kebab made by stacking alternating layers of ground meat and sliced leg of lamb on a large upright skewer, then slowly rotating them in front of vertical grills. As the outer layer of the meat is roasted, thin slices are shaved and served.
Ekmek
   Ordinary white Turkish bread
Ekshi
   "sour"
Elma
   Apple
Erik
   Plum
Et
   Meat
Fasulye
   Bean
Findik
   Filbert or hazelnut
Gazo
   Soda drink
Gullac
   Thin sheets of pastry in a milk and rosewater sauce.
Guvech
   Casserole
Ham Sheker
   Brown sugar
Hamsi
   A small fish similar to anchovy.
Hanim Gobegi
   Small sweet cake
Havuc
   Carrot
Hazirlop
   "hard-boiled"
Helva
   A sweet-meat dessert made by pan-sauteing flour, semolina, and pine nuts, in butter, sugar, and water.
Hiyara
   Cucumber
Incir
   Fig
Ishkembe
   Tripe
Izgara
   "mixed grilled meat"; mixed grills are likely to include kafte (lamb chops) or sis (select cubes of meat). This dish is mixed with special spices, eggs, and grated onions, and then carefully shaped into balls, oblongs, rounds or long patties.
Kabak Tatlisi
   An unusual dessert made by cooking pieces of pumpkin in syrup.
Kadayif
   Finely-shredded pastry baked in syrup
Kahvalti
   Breakfast
Kahve
   Coffee
Kakao
   Cocoa
Kalonji
   A small, black, peppery seed used to flavor.
Kara
   Black
Kara Biber
   Black pepper
Karanfil
   Clove
Karides
   Shrimp
Karnibahar
   Cauliflower
Karpuz
   Watermelon
Kavun
   Melon
Kavurma
   Small cubes of braised, browned lamb. Served in stews.
Kayisi
   Apricot
Kekik
   Thyme
Keskul
   A milk pudding made from coconuts.
Kizartma
   A Turkish cooking term meaning "browned in oil"
Kozleme
   "grilled"
Kuru
   "dried"
Kuzu
   Lamb
KAfte
   A Turkish term describing ground meats, bulgar, and/or rice. KAfte is skewered, baked, or fried.
Lahmacun
   Meat pide
Leblebi
   Roasted and dried chickpeas commonly prepared in appetizers.
Limon
   Lemon
Lokum
   A Turkish delight made from sugar, cornstarch, gelatin, and grape juice. This gelled sweet is made by frying soft pieces of yeast dough in oil, dipping them in syrup, and mixing them with hazelnuts and pistachios. One of the most well-known sweets associated with Turkish cuisine.
Mantar
   Mushroom
Manti
   Small pasta dumplings of dough, filled with minced meat. Similar to ravioli, manti is traditionally complemented with generous servings of garlic yogurt, a dash of melted butter, and paprika.
Maydanoz
   Parsley
Meyve
   Fruit
Meze
   Similar to Spanish tapas, meze is the general category of successive small dishes that begin the Turkish meal. These are eaten, along with wine or raki, until the main course is served. Meze specialties exalt the originality and skill of a restaurant. The bare minimum meze includes slices of honeydew melons, creamy feta cheese, and freshly baked bread. A typical meze menu includes dried and marinated mackerel, fresh salad greens in thick yogurt sauce with garlic, plates of cold vegetable dishes cooked or fried in olive oil, savory deep-fried mussels and calamari, tomato and cucumber salad, fish eggs, humus chick peas mashed in tahini, bulgur, raw kofte, marinated stuffed aubergine, red lentil balls, and peppers with spices and nuts.
Misir
   Corn
Muhallebi
   The "milk desserts"; light or thick puddings made from milk, starch, and rice flour.
Muz
   Banana
Nane
   Mint
Nigella
   A small, black, peppery seed used to flavor.
Oklave
   A long, smooth, tapered rolling pin used to roll flatbreads and filo.
Orta
   A Turkish term meaning "medium", as in medium-sweet coffee.
Oturma
   Simmered and fried stuffed vegetables filled with browned spices.
Pancar
   Beet
Pane
   "breaded"
Pastirma
   Heavily-spiced, sun dried, cumin-fenugreek preserved beef
Pekmez
   Grape molasses
Peynir
   Cheese
Pide
   Flattened oval bread. This "Turkish pizza" is served plain or meat filled.
Pilaf
   A steamed rice dish often made with meat, shellfish, or vegetables in a seasoned broth. Along with bread, pilav is another staple in the Turkish kitchen. The most common versions are cracked-wheat and rice. The Turkish pilaf is distinguished by its smooth, soft buttery morsels of rice.
Pilaki
   A Turkish dish consisting of beans, onions, and olive oil. Served with lemon.
Piyaz
   A dried bean, egg, and vegetable salad.
Prizolla
   Extra thin grilled lamb chops seasoned with sumac and thyme.
Raki
   The anise-flavored, stirred, national Turkish drink. Sometimes referred to as "lion's milk" because of its intense flavor.
Recheli
   Jam
Revani
   A Turkish sweet made from semolina
Sach
   The curved Turkish griddle used to cook yufka, filo, or borek.
Sahlep
   A popular drink made from powdered iris root.
Sakiz
   A Turkish term describing the resin from the mastic tree
Sarap
   Wine
Sarimsak
   Garlic
Sarma
   A generic Turkish term that refers to any dish of wrapped grape or cabbage leaves. Fillings are either minced meat or rice.
Seker
   "sugar"
Sekerpare
   A small sweet cake
Sheftali
   Peach
Shis
   Select cubes of meat
Shis Kebab
   Grilled cubes of skewered meat
Sicak
   "hot"
Simit
   Sesame seed rings
Sis
   Select cubes of meat
Sis Kebab
   Grilled cubes of skewered meat
Sis kafte
   Pieces of grilled, skewered meat. Commonly referred to as shis kebab in the West.
Soguk
   "cold"
Steak Tartar
   Raw kafte seasoned with various hot spices and cilantro.
Sucuk
   A Turkish meat made from lamb and beef. Similar to pepperoni.
Sulu Yemek
   "home cooking"
Sumac
   The ground berries of the edible sumak. These berries impart a tart lemon taste.
Sumak
   The ground berries of the edible sumak. These berries impart a tart lemon taste.
Sut
   Milk
Tahini
   Widely used in Middle Eastern cooking, tahini is a thick paste made of ground sesame seeds.
Tandir
   A beehive-shaped oven used to bake pide and other Turkish breads.
Tatlisi
   A Turkish term for sweets or desserts.
Tava
   A Turkish term referring to a frying pan, or food that has been breaded and fried.
Tavukgogsu
   A Turkish dessert made from white chicken breast.
Taze
   "fresh"
Terbiy
   A sauce made from egg and lemon juice. Frequently tops koftes, dolmas, and vegetable dishes.
Tuz
   Salt
Un
   Flour
Uzum
   Grape
Yeshil Zeytin
   Green olive
Yogurt Tatlisi
   "made with yogurt"
Yumurta
   Egg
Zerde
   Sweet rice pudding made with saffron, one of the most expensive and richest spices.
Zeytin
   Olive
Zeytinagli
   Olive oil